Assistive technology (AT) is “any product or service that maintains or improves the ability of individuals with disabilities or impairments to communicate, learn and live independent, fulfilling and productive lives” (BATA, 2016). It can be used by people of all ages to support a wide range of disabilities or impairments including dyslexia, dyspraxia, visual impairments, physical disabilities and many others.
What is Assistive Technology?
Types of Assistive Technology
There are many different types of Assistive Technology, specifically designed to help with a wide range of tasks.
Click on the below support types to learn more.
Text-to-speech software enables your computer to read aloud web pages, text documents, emails and PDF documents in a natural sounding voice. Most text-to-speech software now includes additional tools to support users including spell checkers, homophone support and visual highlighting which can help when producing your own written work.
Reading and Writing Support
There is a wide range of assistive technology to support individuals with reading and writing difficulties. There is software available which supports spelling, grammar, vocabulary, literacy and phonics.
Visual stress can range from blurred letters or words, headaches, or difficulty with tracking across a page. There is a wide range of assistive technology that can help with visual stress including coloured overlays which are placed over text to make reading more comfortable. There are also tools such as coloured paper, tinted reading rulers and software for use on computers or mobile devices.
Typing Tutors help individuals to type quickly and accurately when using a computer, which in time can benefit reading, comprehension, vocabulary and spelling skills.
Mind mapping is an established learning and organisational tool, allowing users to create maps and diagrams to represent their ideas. It can be used in a variety of subject areas and a wide range of tasks, including brainstorming, note-taking, revision, illustrating concepts, problem solving and outlining of essays, projects and presentations. It supports individuals who struggle to get their thoughts and ideas down in a structured way.
Speech recognition software allows individuals to transform their spoken words into digital text. It also enables you to navigate around your computer, create and edit documents, surf the web or send an email, all through the power of your voice. Some speech recognition software is up to 3 times faster than typing.
There are both online and stand-alone resources which support individuals of all ages with maths topics, including number sense, scale, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and much more. These applications are designed so that you can easily monitor your progress.
There is a wide range of note-taking support technology, the majority of which help to eliminate the difficulties that are associated with writing whilst listening. Some technology also helps individuals with organising and editing notes that have been made to help them digest the information.
Visual Impairment Software
There is a variety of popular visual impairment software which can help individuals with different levels of sight loss. These products can output to Braille, magnify text, read aloud text and much more.
Ergonomics can support individuals with physical difficulties, as well as reducing the risk of repetitive strain injury (RSI). This includes assistive technology such as alternative mouse devices, keyboards, desks and chairs.